Periodontics is a dental specialty that studies the supporting structures around the teeth, and the inflammatory disease that destroys them. A dentist certified in periodontics specializes in the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of periodontal/gum disease, and in dental implant placement as well as in cosmetic periodontal procedures such as crown lengthening. Gingivitis develops when oral hygiene is inadequate or lacking, leading to the formation of dental plaque on gums and teeth. Plaque has a high concentration of bacteria that causes local irritation and inflammation of the tissues. It can be reversed by proper brushing technique, daily flossing, and visiting the dentist for periodic cleanings.

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