Types Of Gum Surgery

Periodontal surgery or gum surgery refers to a wide range of procedures and techniques used to improve the aesthetics of the gums or to treat periodontal disease.


Gingivectomy consists of removing a small section of the gum tissue that forms the pocket. This procedure allows better access for calculus removal and smoothing of the roots, also eliminating gum enlargements and abscesses. Periodontal flap procedures can be chosen rather than gingivectomies depending on the case.


Gingivoplasty is used to reshape the gums. It does not eliminate pockets but it improves tissue contour by correcting deformities.

Gingival Grafts (Gum Tissue Grafts)

Grafts are used to correct some defects such as gum line recession. This is the process in which the gum has migrated away from the crowns, leaving the roots exposed.

Guided Tissue Regeneration

Guided Tissue Regeneration surgery consists of placing membranes inside the gums to stimulate the regeneration of attachment previously lost between the gums and the surface of roots.

Frenectomy and Frenotomy

The frenum is a small fold of soft tissue that connects the gums to the inside of the lips, restricting their motion. A frenectomy or frenotomy are different procedures involving a complete or partial removal of the frenum attachments. Sometimes the frenum needs to be removed or cut because it may pull away the gums from the tooth or it may interfere with the alignment of teeth.

Osseous Recontouring Surgery

Osseous Recontouring Surgery is done to reshape the bone edges.


Alveoloplasty is a surgical preparation for the gums when all or many teeth are lost and a new denture will be placed. It consists in improving the contour by removing undercuts and sharp edges of the bone that interfere with dentures and to provide maximum support.

If you are interested in any type of periodontal surgery, please fill out the “Help me find a Dentist!” form and a participating dental specialist will contact you to discuss your case.