An alveoplasty (a.k.a. bone leveling or alveoloplasty) is an oral surgery procedure used to smooth and shape the jawbone, improving the contours, evening out high and low places, flattening or tapering the jaw’s ridge, or removing any sharp edges of bone. It is normally done in areas where teeth have been removed or lost. This surgery can make chewing, speaking, smiling, and wearing restorations like dentures or placing dental implants easier, because the lack of a level surface makes it difficult to fit an implant.
While your dentist will always try to save your natural teeth, damage, infection, and disease often mean that an extraction may be the only option, and when that happens, there will be a small hole in the alveolar jawbone (the part of the jaws where the teeth arise) where the tooth’s root was. Unfortunately, these holes in the bone do not always heal properly, making the alveolar bone uneven or leaving behind sharp ridges. These malformations can cause gum tissue soreness, increase your risk for periodontal disease, and interfere with the fit of restorations such as dentures.