Crown lengthening is usually a periodontal cosmetic gum surgery procedure called gingivoplasty to improve the appearance of gums and smile.  However, it is also done to correct deformities by reshaping and re-contouring the gums, for functional purposes.

When used to correct a gummy smile it is called dental crown lengthening, and usually targets the upper front teeth.  As the name implies, this is done to reduce the amount of gum and increase the surface area of teeth that is seen when you smile.  It can also be done to improve the symmetry of an uneven gum line.

There may also be real health benefits, for instance, by exposing more of the roots of your teeth it becomes easier to take care of them, and it can help to prevent tooth decay by maintaining an effective regimen of good oral hygiene.

It might take a few days or weeks for the gums to completely heal.  Over the counter medication for pain should be sufficient.  Recommendations for oral health management after surgery include:

  • Regular professional deep cleaning by a dental hygienist.
  • Visits to the dentist every three months for the first year to remove plaque and tartar buildup.
  • After a year, periodontal cleaning is required every six months.

If you are interested in crown lengthening in Costa Rica, fill out the “Find a Dentist” form on this page.  One of our patient advocates will reply to your needs.