Gingival (periodontal) flap surgery describes a state of-the-art surgical technique commonly used to treat and repair periodontal pockets, a frequent consequence of periodontal (gum) disease, the end result of inflammation and infection that causes gum tissue to become detached from the teeth.
When there is advanced periodontal disease, the stability of the teeth becomes compromised by infection, affecting ligament and bone. To correct it, a gingival (periodontal) flap surgery (gingivectomy) will be needed, but only after antibiotics have failed to stop it, and a non-surgical treatment called scaling and root planning has been done to eliminate the infection.
There are three stages of gum disease — a progression that can affect the bone that surrounds and supports your teeth: gingivitis, periodontitis, and advanced periodontitis. It can be painless, so it is very important to be aware of the symptoms, which can include:
- Swollen, red, tender or bleeding gums
- Gums that recede or move away from the tooth
- Persistent bad breath or bad taste in mouth
- Loose teeth
- Visible pus surrounding the teeth and gums