Facial or maxillofacial injury or trauma, describes any physical trauma to the face. Oral and maxillofacial surgeons are specially trained to treat injuries to the face, jaws, mouth and teeth.
Facial trauma can involve soft tissue injuries such as burns, lacerations and bruises, or fractures of the facial bones such as nasal fractures and fractures of the jaw, and trauma like eye injuries that can result in blindness. Fractures may involve pain, swelling, loss of function like difficulty moving the jaw, or disfigurement of facial features. Although facial trauma is seldom life-threatening, still it can be deadly, because it can cause severe bleeding or interference with the airway (a primary concern in treatment is to ensure that the airway is open and not threatened).